Upper abdominal gas is a common condition that may be caused by swallowing air. Every time you swallow, air gets into the stomach. You may swallow air if you are under stress, chew gum, have post-nasal drip, smoke, eat certain foods or eat fast. Drinking carbonated beverages will also increase gas in the upper abdomen. If you have frequent bouts of upper abdominal gas and belching, you will need to see your doctor. Repeated belching can be caused by gastritis or a infection. There are steps you can take to relieve upper abdominal gas.
See your doctor. You will need a check up to make sure your upper abdominal gas is not related to a medical condition. Your doctor may recommend further testing such as a blood test or endoscopy, where the doctor can examine the stomach and perhaps obtain a tissue sample. Your treatment will be based on the findings of your medical tests.
Try anti-gas medication. Over the counter anti-gas medications will relieve your gas and feelings of pressure. Anti-gas medications are effective in relieving both upper abdominal gas and lower abdominal gas. Check with your doctor before taking anti-gas medication, and read the label carefully.
See your dentist. Excess upper abdominal gas and belching may be caused by dentures that do not properly fit. If your dentures are loose, you may be swallowing too much air that will promote gas and belching. Visit your dentist to make sure your dentures fit properly.
Inquire about antibiotics. A common infection called Helicobacter pylori is an organism that may cause gastritis, where the stomach becomes inflamed, and cause repeated episodes of belching. This bacteria can be detected by a breath test or a blood test. Your doctor may refer you to a gastroenterologist, who specializes in conditions of the digestive system. Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics if you test positive for this organism.
Avoid carbonated drinks. Drinks containing carbonation are notorious for producing upper abdominal gas and belching.
Stay away from gum. Chewing gum and sucking on candies will cause you to swallow air and promote belching.
If your belching is accompanied by chest pain, shortness of breath, sweating or nausea, seek emergency help right away. These may be symptoms of a heart attack and need to be treated immediately.